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CATALONIA (SUMMARY)
Under Construction


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Introduction
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Transnational Issues
 
 
This page was last updated on 10 May, 2007
 
Map of Catalonia
 
Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order


Under Construction.
   Introduction    Catalonia Top of Page
Background:
Definition Field Listing
The aim of Catalans is the re-establishment of the ancient independent State (before 1707-1714) ......
   Geography    Catalonia Top of Page
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Southwestern Europe, between France and Spain
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
Latitude 43ºN to 37º 51' N, Longitude 0º30' E to 1º 30' W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Europe
Area:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
total: 69,823 sq km
land: 69,823 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Alghero
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly smaller than Ireland
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 828 km  (
border countries: France 228 km
border countries: Spain 600 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
1,793 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
mountainous,..River, rolling plains...
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Canigó 2,784 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
fish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 17.29%
permanent crops: 7.84%
other: 74.87% (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
6,500 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
No
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Environmental Modification
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
   People    Catalonia Top of Page
Population:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
13,642,836 (July 2007 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 16.5% (male 914,480/female 837,525)
15-64 years: 66.3% (male 3,501,206/female 3,551,706)
65 years and over: 17.3% (male 757,220/female 1,080,699) (2007 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 38.8 years
male: 36.7 years
female: 41 years (2007 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.334% (2007 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
10.59 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
10.56 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
3.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.092 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.986 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.701 male(s)/female
total population: 0.946 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
total: 4.92 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.38 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
total population: 77.87 years
male: 74.6 years
female: 81.36 years (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
1.48 children born/woman (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
0.4% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
22,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
less than 1,000 (2003 est.)
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Catalan (singular and plural)
adjective: Catalan
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered 
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic 84.5%, other Christian 2.2%, other 0.3%, unknown 9%, none 3.9% (2001 census)
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
Catalan (official... ), French, Spanish (official - but locally used)
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.3%
male: 95.5%
female: 91.3% (2003 est.)
   Government    Catalonia Top of Page
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Catalonia
conventional short form: Catalonia
local long form: Catalonia
local short form: Catalonia
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
parliamentary democracy
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
name: Barcelona
geographic coordinates: 38 43 N, 9 08 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions:
Definition
 3 autonomous regions* (Spanish);  1...
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
1.. (...l recognized);  1... (republic proclaimed)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Catalonia Day (Day of Catalonia), 26 January (Batalla Montjuic - 1641); note - also 11 setembre ......
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
adopted ...; effective .... ; revised many times
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
civil law system; the Constitutional Tribunal reviews the constitutionality of legislation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President (since ....)
head of government: Prime Minister  (since .......)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
note: there is also a Council of State that acts as a consultative body to the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held .... (next to be held in January ....); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president
election results: .... elected president; percent of vote - .... 50.6%, .... 20.7%, ..... 14.3%, .....8.5%, .... 5.3%
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral Assembly of the Republic or Assembleia da Republica (230 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held ..... (next to be held in ...)
election results:percent of vote by party - ... 45.1%, ... 28.7%, ... 7.6%, ... 7.3%, ... 6.4%, other 4.9%; seats by party - .. 121, .. 75, ... 14, ..12, .. 8
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court or Supremo Tribunal de Justica (judges appointed for life by the Consell Superior de Magistratura)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
....
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, ITUC, LAIA (observer), MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, ONUB, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SECI (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador ....
chancery: 2017 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036
telephone: [1] (202) 350-5498
FAX: [1] (202) 462-3787
consulate(s) general: Boston, New York, Newark (New Jersey), San Francisco
consulate(s): New Bedford (Massachusetts), Providence (Rhode Island)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador ....
embassy: ...  Barcelona
mailing address: 
telephone:
FAX: 
consulate(s): ...
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
four horizontal bands of red  and six yellow ....
   Economy    Catalonia Top of Page
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Catalonia has become a diversified and increasingly service-based economy since joining the European Community in ... Over the past two decades, successive governments have privatized many state-controlled firms and liberalized key areas of the economy, including the financial and telecommunications sectors. The country qualified for the European Monetary Union (EMU) in 1998 and began circulating the euro on 1 January 2002 along with 11 other EU member economies. Economic growth had been above the EU average for much of the 1990s,  GDP per capita stands at roughly two-thirds of the EU-25 average. ...........
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field ListingRank Order
$403.1 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing
$176.6 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
5.4% (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field ListingRank Order
$79,100 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 6.6%
industry: 28.6%
services: 64.9% (2006 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
4.58 million (2006)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 10%
industry: 30%
services: 60% (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
1.6% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: 1%
highest 10%: 11.4% (1995 est.)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
Definition Field Listing
38.5 (1997)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field ListingRank Order
2.5% (2006 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):
Definition Field ListingRank Order
20.9% of GDP (2006 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $83.89 billion
expenditures: $93.09 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2006 est.)
Public debt:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
67.4% of GDP (2006 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
grain, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, swine, poultry, dairy products; fish
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
textiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metals and metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; rubber and plastic products; ceramics; electronics and communications equipment; rail transportation equipment; aerospace equipment; ship construction and refurbishment; wine; tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
0.9% (2006 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
42.52 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
46.05 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
2.1 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
8.6 billion kWh (2004)
Oil - production:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
NA bbl/day
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
332,000 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
35,400 bbl/day (2003)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
106,200 bbl/day (2003)
Natural gas - production:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
4.297 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
4.46 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Current account balance:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
-$16.75 billion (2006 est.)
Exports:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
$46.77 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
clothing and footwear, machinery, chemicals, cork and paper products, hides
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 25.9%, UK 13.1%, Germany 11.9%, UK 8%, Italy 5.4%,  Spain 4.3% (2005)
Imports:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
$47.74 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum, textiles, agricultural products
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 29%, Germany 13.4%, UK 8.5%, Italy 5.2%, Netherlands 4.3%, Japan 4.2% (2005)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
$9.88 billion (December 2006 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
$2.2 billion (30 September 2006 est.)
Economic aid - donor:
Definition Field Listing
ODA, $271 million (1995)
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing
euro (EUR)
note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
euros per US dollar - 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Catalonia Top of Page
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
4.234 million (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
11.448 million (2005)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: Catalonia's telephone system has achieved a state-of-the-art network with broadband, high-speed capabilities
domestic: integrated network of coaxial cables, open-wire, microwave radio relay, and domestic satellite earth stations
international: country code - ...; 6 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), NA Eutelsat; tropospheric scatter to Mallorca; note - an earth station for Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region) is planned
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 49, FM 174 (many are repeaters), shortwave 2 (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
62 (plus 166 repeaters; includes Mallorca Island) (1995)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.cat
Internet hosts:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
845,980 (2005)
Internet users:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
7.783 million (2006)
   Transportation    Catalonia Top of Page
Airports:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
66 (2006)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 43
over 3,047 m: 5
2,438 to 3,047 m: 9
1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 13
under 914 m: 11 (2006)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 23
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 22 (2006)
Pipelines:
Definition Field Listing
gas 1,099 km; oil 8 km; refined products 174 km (2006)
Railways:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
total: 2,850 km
broad gauge: 2,576 km 1.668-m gauge (623 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 274 km 1.000-m gauge (2005)
Roadways:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
total: 78,470 km
paved: 67,484 km (includes 2,002 km of expressways)
unpaved: 10,986 km (2004)
Waterways:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
210 km (on Douro River from Porto) (2003)
Merchant marine:
Definition Field ListingRank Order
total: 111 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,077,300 GRT/1,363,435 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 11, cargo 27, chemical tanker 15, container 7, liquefied gas 11, passenger 9, passenger/cargo 10, petroleum tanker 8, roll on/roll off 4, vehicle carrier 9
foreign-owned: 82 (Australia 1, Belgium 8, Cyprus 1, Denmark 4, Germany 17, Greece 4, Italy 12, Japan 9, Malta 1, Mexico 1, Netherlands 1, Norway 4, Spain 15, Switzerland 3, US 1)
registered in other countries: 16 (Cyprus 2, Hong Kong 1, Malta 3, Panama 10) (2006)
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing
Barcelona, Valencia, Mallorca, Tarragona, Palamós, Menorca, ...
   Transnational Issues    Catalonia Top of Page
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
Catalonia does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over the territory of ... based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of ...
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
NA

This page was last updated on 10 May, 2007